Medical Services

Our knowledgeable staff and our facilities allow us to deal with a variety of medical conditions your pet may experience. We hope we do not have to see you or your pet for an emergency but if we do, we are equipped to handle the situation. In some cases, your pet may require hospitalization and further diagnostic tests. Our website describes the medical services we offer in more detail.

Humane Euthanasia

By |

Sometimes no matter what medical resources are available, humane euthanasia is the kindest, most compassionate option for a beloved pet that is no longer having quality of life.

Although we cannot make the final decision for you, we can help guide you to an understanding of your pet’s quality of life.

Once this decision has been made, we will arrange a time for you to come to the clinic.

We will also discuss the various options regarding your pet’s remains.

We are able to provide you with literature or put you in touch with a grief counseling service, specifically for related to pet loss, to assist you and your family.

Urinalysis

By |

Urinalysis is an important test that provides information about kidney function and the health of the urinary system. It can also identify problems in other organs, and is most useful when combined with blood work.

Urine is tested for blood, sugar, protein and other components. The pH (acidity) and specific gravity (concentration) are also measured. Examination of urine sediment can detect infection, inflammation, crystals, or abnormal cells.

A sterile urine container is dispensed and preferably a first morning sample is taken and dropped off at the hospital, or we can admit your pet to collect urine here.

Blood Work

By |

Blood work is one of our most vital diagnostic tests we have available to us. With just a small amount of blood we can assess your pet’s major organs, some hormones, electrolyte balance and blood cell lines. With a few basic tests, the veterinarian can help you learn important information about your pet’s health.

Why Is Wellness Testing Important?

Wellness testing is important because pets can’t tell you how they are feeling. Sometimes there is a problem before you even notice your pet is ill. With wellness testing, problems can be detected early, and steps taken to correct or control them.

Yearly wellness testing is very important in the healthy pet. It will give us a baseline for the normal values specifically for your pet. These values will be important to compare to in the future, should your pet become ill.

Wellness testing is especially important for pets needing elective surgery. A clean bill of health before surgery means your pet is more likely to have a rapid and complete recovery.

Wellness testing can be done any time, however many people find it convenient to combine wellness testing with their routine physical examination, vaccines or heartworm testing

Complete Blood Count

  • A Complete Blood Count (CBC) detects anemia, infection and blood clotting problems. This includes assessment of the red blood cells (RBC), which carry oxygen to the body; white blood cells (WBC) which fight infection; and platelets which are necessary for blood clotting. Microscopic examination of the blood also shows if there are abnormal cells in circulation.

Biochemistry Profile

Biochemistry tests evaluate a variety of internal organs and determine if they are working normally.

  • Liver (AST, ALT, Alk. Phos., Bilirubin, GGT, Cholesterol, Proteins, Bile Acids)
    The health of the liver and gall bladder is assessed with these tests. Decreased liver function, inflammation, tissue damage and bile blockage can all be detected.
  • Kidney (BUN, Creatinine, Phosphorous, Potassium, Albumin)
    These tests provide information about kidney function. Increases in BUN and Creatinine may indicate kidney disease. Changes in the other tests help to identify the type of problem. Kidney function tests are even more helpful when combined with a urinalysis.
  • Pancreas (Glucose, TLI, spec CPLI, spec FPLI)
    Abnormal pancreatic function can be detected using these tests, including pancreatitis, diabetes mellitus, and pancreatic insufficiency.
  • Muscle & Bone (AST, CPK, Calcium, Phosphorous)
    AST and CPK are frequently elevated when there is inflammation, trauma or damage to skeletal muscle. Calcium and Phosphorous levels are indicators of bone health.
  • Electrolytes (Calcium, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride)
    These elements form the “electrical” system of the body and help cells communicate with each other. For example, proper electrolyte levels are necessary for muscle contraction (including the heart) and nerve impulses.

Thyroid Function Tests

T4, FT4, TSH, Auto antibodies

  • The thyroid gland is like a thermostat that “sets” the metabolic rate of the entire body. Too little thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) is common in dogs and leads to sluggishness and weight gain. Too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) is frequently seen in older cats and causes hyperactivity and weight loss resulting in stress on the heart and other organs.
  • Because no single test detects all types of thyroid disease, several tests may be needed to ensure a proper diagnosis.

Pharmacy

By |

For your convenience, we offer an in-house pharmacy so we can meet all your pet’s needs. We provide medications, flea and tick control products, and heartworm preventives.

When you order from us, you’ll know that the products you’re purchasing have been stored properly and are approved for use in Canada. If you have any questions, you can ask your veterinarian.

If medicating your pet with pills is difficult we can often have the medication made into a liquid or transdermal form by a licensed veterinary pharmacy.

Feel free to pick up your pet’s prescriptions at our clinic.

Pain Management and Control

By |

When our pets show signs of pain, we as owners share their pain. An animal in discomfort will often have decreased appetite, lethargy and lameness and can vocalize pain as well.

A pain assessment can determine if your pet is suffering due to arthritis, cancer, disease, injury or other causes.

We provide testing (x-rays, blood work, urinalysis etc.) to help diagnose your pet’s pain and we offer various treatments to alleviate pain. Various medications are used to treat pain (long term if needed with proper monitoring of your pets health), as well as suitable supplements and specialty diets.

Veterinary Specialist Referrals

By |

Our team of veterinarians provide many services, ranging from routine to advanced procedures. Although we handle the majority of your pet’s medical and surgical needs in-clinic, we occasionally refer patients to veterinary specialists when advanced training or special equipment is needed.

Board-certified specialists, such as oncologists, ophthalmologists, and neurologists, have extensive experience and training in a particular area of veterinary medicine or surgery. The Mississauga Oakville Emergency Veterinary Hospital has specialized equipment and can perform procedures that are not routinely performed by general veterinary practitioners.

We make referral decisions because we want to ensure that your pet receives the highest standard of care and the best possible outcome. Be assured that when we refer a patient, we continue to stay involved with their care, consulting with the specialist and providing follow-up care.

Radiology (X-rays)

By |

Getting to know your pet from the inside out

Radiographs are routinely used as a diagnostic tool. They provide us with valuable information about your pet’s bones, gastrointestinal tract (stomach, intestines, colon), respiratory tract (lungs), heart and genitourinary system (bladder, prostate). They can be used to assist the doctor to identify and/or rule out any possible causes for your loved one’s ailment.

As an x-ray beam passes through a patient’s body, the beams are absorbed in different quantities by different types of tissues. Images on radiographic film appear as various shades of gray and reflect the anatomy of the animal. Light areas such as bone absorb more x-rays then darker areas such as lungs. Interpretation of radiographs requires great skill on the part of the veterinarian.

We are equipped to perform x-rays on all animals from birds and reptiles to our larger furry friends. Some patients, depending on their discomfort level or co-operation, may require general anesthesia. Each patient is assessed and the doctor will discuss any concerns prior to the procedure. The films are developed in clinic with our state of the art automatic processor. Our exam rooms are equipped with x-ray viewers so the doctor can discuss any findings with you.

Dermatology (Skin)

By |

Skin problems are common in dogs, cats, birds and exotic pets and can be caused by hormonal disorders, allergies, infections, or parasites such as fleas and mites. These issues can be difficult to treat and should be addressed promptly.

We can often diagnose a skin problem by simply examining your pet. Some dermatologic diseases or conditions do require additional diagnostic procedures to ensure a correct diagnosis. Depending on your pet’s symptoms and the results of our physical exam, we may run blood work or perform a urinalysis, skin scraping, or biopsies.

Contact us if you notice your pet scratching excessively or if he or she develops any bare patches, scabs, scaling, redness, inflammation, lumps, or bumps.

Cardiology (Heart)

By |

A heart problem can affect your pet at any age although it is more often found in older pets. Heart failure occurs when the heart no longer has the ability to pump blood around the body effectively. Heart failure can lead to congestive heart failure. If an animal is suffering from congestive heart failure, it usually accumulates fluid in the lungs although it can result in fluid accumulation in the abdomen as well. Animals suffering from congestive heart failure often experience difficulty breathing and frequent coughing. Some causes of heart failure include: congenital heart disease (animals born with a heart problem), valvular heart disease (abnormalities of the valves of the heart), heartworm disease and arrythmias (rhythm disturbances).

Many heart problems can be identified on physical examination. Additional tests are usually required to accurately identify the cause of the heart disease. Additional tests include electrocardiograms (ECG), radiographs (X-rays) and ultrasounds.

Along with urinalysis and blood work, we recommend routine heart screens on our older pets to detect any abnormalities. This can be done during the detailed physical exam.

Heart disease is a serious life threatening condition but early diagnosis and appropriate therapy can extend your pet’s life.

Tonometry

By |

It is crucial for your pet’s vision that we detect and treat glaucoma and other problems with intraocular pressure (pressure within the eye) as quickly as possible. We can test your pet’s eyes for excess pressure. The test, performed with a device called a tonometer.

If not treated immediately (within hours to days), glaucoma can cause permanent vision loss, severe pain or even blindness. Pets that have suffered eye injuries should have this test performed. In addition, we recommend that breeds that are prone to developing glaucoma come in for regular measurements so we can monitor eye pressure and begin treatment before any problem becomes irreversible. Please call us to discuss whether your pet may be at higher risk for glaucoma.

Call us right away if you notice any of the following problems in either or both of your pet’s eyes: dilated (enlarged) pupils, clouding of the cornea (the normally clear outer layer of the eye), red or bloodshot eyes, one eye protruding or appearing larger than the other, squinting, or tearing. Because glaucoma is painful, your pet may react by rubbing or pawing at the eyes or rubbing his or her head against the floor or furniture more than normal.